culture

This hashtag in English

Last updated 17w.

Culture (/ˈkʌlər/) is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and norms found in human societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, customs, capabilities, and habits of the individuals in these groups.

Humans acquire culture through the learning processes of enculturation and socialization, which is shown by the diversity of cultures across societies.

A cultural norm codifies acceptable conduct in society; it serves as a guideline for behavior, dress, language, and demeanor in a situation, which serves as a template for expectations in a social group. Accepting only a monoculture in a social group can bear risks, just as a single species can wither in the face of environmental change, for lack of functional responses to the change. Thus in military culture, valor is counted a typical behavior for an individual and duty, honor, and loyalty to the social group are counted as virtues or functional responses in the continuum of conflict. In the practice of religion, analogous attributes can be identified in a social group.

Culture is considered a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies. Cultural universals are found in all human societies. These include expressive forms like art, music, dance, ritual, religion, and technologies like tool usage, cooking, shelter, and clothing. The concept of material culture covers the physical expressions of culture, such as technology, architecture and art, whereas the immaterial aspects of culture such as principles of social organization (including practices of political organization and social institutions), mythology, philosophy, literature (both written and oral), and science comprise the intangible cultural heritage of a society.

In the humanities, one sense of culture as an attribute of the individual has been the degree to which they have cultivated a particular level of sophistication in the arts, sciences, education, or manners. The level of cultural sophistication has also sometimes been used to distinguish civilizations from less complex societies. Such hierarchical perspectives on culture are also found in class-based distinctions between a high culture of the social elite and a low culture, popular culture, or folk culture of the lower classes, distinguished by the stratified access to cultural capital. In common parlance, culture is often used to refer specifically to the symbolic markers used by ethnic groups to distinguish themselves visibly from each other such as body modification, clothing or jewelry. Mass culture refers to the mass-produced and mass mediated forms of consumer culture that emerged in the 20th century. Some schools of philosophy, such as Marxism and critical theory, have argued that culture is often used politically as a tool of the elites to manipulate the proletariat and create a false consciousness. Such perspectives are common in the discipline of cultural studies. In the wider social sciences, the theoretical perspective of cultural materialism holds that human symbolic culture arises from the material conditions of human life, as humans create the conditions for physical survival, and that the basis of culture is found in evolved biological dispositions.

When used as a count noun, a "culture" is the set of customs, traditions, and values of a society or community, such as an ethnic group or nation. Culture is the set of knowledge acquired over time. In this sense, multiculturalism values the peaceful coexistence and mutual respect between different cultures inhabiting the same planet. Sometimes "culture" is also used to describe specific practices within a subgroup of a society, a subculture (e.g. "bro culture"), or a counterculture. Within cultural anthropology, the ideology and analytical stance of cultural relativism hold that cultures cannot easily be objectively ranked or evaluated because any evaluation is necessarily situated within the value system of a given culture.

The modern term "culture" is based on a term used by the ancient Roman orator Cicero in his Tusculanae Disputationes, where he wrote of a cultivation of the soul or "cultura animi," using an agricultural metaphor for the development of a philosophical soul, understood teleologically as the highest possible ideal for human development. Samuel Pufendorf took over this metaphor in a modern context, meaning something similar, but no longer assuming that philosophy was man's natural perfection. His use, and that of many writers after him, "refers to all the ways in which human beings overcome their original barbarism, and through artifice, become fully human."

In 1986, philosopher Edward S. Casey wrote, "The very word culture meant 'place tilled' in Middle English, and the same word goes back to Latin colere, 'to inhabit, care for, till, worship' and cultus, 'A cult, especially a religious one.' To be cultural, to have a culture, is to inhabit a place sufficiently intensely to cultivate it—to be responsible for it, to respond to it, to attend to it caringly."

Culture described by Richard Velkley:

... originally meant the cultivation of the soul or mind, acquires most of its later modern meaning in the writings of the 18th-century German thinkers, who were on various levels developing Rousseau's criticism of "modern liberalism and Enlightenment." Thus a contrast between "culture" and "civilization" is usually implied in these authors, even when not expressed as such.

In the words of anthropologist E.B. Tylor, it is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society." Alternatively, in a contemporary variant, "Culture is defined as a social domain that emphasizes the practices, discourses and material expressions, which, over time, express the continuities and discontinuities of social meaning of a life held in common.

The Cambridge English Dictionary states that culture is "the way of life, especially the general customs and beliefs, of a particular group of people at a particular time." Terror management theory posits that culture is a series of activities and worldviews that provide humans with the basis for perceiving themselves as "person[s] of worth within the world of meaning"—raising themselves above the merely physical aspects of existence, in order to deny the animal insignificance and death that Homo sapiens became aware of when they acquired a larger brain.

The word is used in a general sense as the evolved ability to categorize and represent experiences with symbols and to act imaginatively and creatively. This ability arose with the evolution of behavioral modernity in humans around 50,000 years ago and is often thought to be unique to humans. However, some other species have demonstrated similar, though much less complicated, abilities for social learning. It is also used to denote the complex networks of practices and accumulated knowledge and ideas that are transmitted through social interaction and exist in specific human groups, or cultures, using the plural form.

It has been estimated from archaeological data that the human capacity for cumulative culture emerged somewhere between 500,000–170,000 years ago.

Raimon Panikkar identified 29 ways in which cultural change can be brought about, including growth, development, evolution, involution, renovation, reconception, reform, innovation, revivalism, revolution, mutation, progress, diffusion, osmosis, borrowing, eclecticism, syncretism, modernization, indigenization, and transformation. In this context, modernization could be viewed as adoption of Enlightenment era beliefs and practices, such as science, rationalism, industry, commerce, democracy, and the notion of progress. Rein Raud, building on the work of Umberto Eco, Pierre Bourdieu and Jeffrey C. Alexander, has proposed a model of cultural change based on claims and bids, which are judged by their cognitive adequacy and endorsed or not endorsed by the symbolic authority of the cultural community in question.

Cultural invention has come to mean any innovation that is new and found to be useful to a group of people and expressed in their behavior but which does not exist as a physical object. Humanity is in a global "accelerating culture change period," driven by the expansion of international commerce, the mass media, and above all, the human population explosion, among other factors. Culture repositioning means the reconstruction of the cultural concept of a society.

Cultures are internally affected by both forces encouraging change and forces resisting change. These forces are related to both social structures and natural events, and are involved in the perpetuation of cultural ideas and practices within current structures, which themselves are subject to change.

Social conflict and the development of technologies can produce changes within a society by altering social dynamics and promoting new cultural models, and spurring or enabling generative action. These social shifts may accompany ideological shifts and other types of cultural change. For example, the U.S. feminist movement involved new practices that produced a shift in gender relations, altering both gender and economic structures. Environmental conditions may also enter as factors. For example, after tropical forests returned at the end of the last ice age, plants suitable for domestication were available, leading to the invention of agriculture, which in turn brought about many cultural innovations and shifts in social dynamics.

Cultures are externally affected via contact between societies, which may also produce—or inhibit—social shifts and changes in cultural practices. War or competition over resources may impact technological development or social dynamics. Additionally, cultural ideas may transfer from one society to another, through diffusion or acculturation. In diffusion, the form of something (though not necessarily its meaning) moves from one culture to another. For example, Western restaurant chains and culinary brands sparked curiosity and fascination to the Chinese as China opened its economy to international trade in the late 20th-century. "Stimulus diffusion" (the sharing of ideas) refers to an element of one culture leading to an invention or propagation in another. "Direct borrowing," on the other hand, tends to refer to technological or tangible diffusion from one culture to another. Diffusion of innovations theory presents a research-based model of why and when individuals and cultures adopt new ideas, practices, and products.

Acculturation has different meanings. Still, in this context, it refers to the replacement of traits of one culture with another, such as what happened to certain Native American tribes and many indigenous peoples across the globe during the process of colonization. Related processes on an individual level include assimilation (adoption of a different culture by an individual) and transculturation. The transnational flow of culture has played a major role in merging different cultures and sharing thoughts, ideas, and beliefs.

Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) formulated an individualist definition of "enlightenment" similar to the concept of bildung: "Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-incurred immaturity." He argued that this immaturity comes not from a lack of understanding, but from a lack of courage to think independently. Against this intellectual cowardice, Kant urged: Sapere Aude, "Dare to be wise!" In reaction to Kant, German scholars such as Johann Gottfried Herder (1744–1803) argued that human creativity, which necessarily takes unpredictable and highly diverse forms, is as important as human rationality. Moreover, Herder proposed a collective form of Bildung: "For Herder, Bildung was the totality of experiences that provide a coherent identity, and sense of common destiny, to a people."

In 1795, the Prussian linguist and philosopher Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767–1835) called for an anthropology that would synthesize Kant's and Herder's interests. During the Romantic era, scholars in Germany, especially those concerned with nationalist movements—such as the nationalist struggle to create a "Germany" out of diverse principalities, and the nationalist struggles by ethnic minorities against the Austro-Hungarian Empire—developed a more inclusive notion of culture as "worldview" (Weltanschauung). According to this school of thought, each ethnic group has a distinct worldview that is incommensurable with the worldviews of other groups. Although more inclusive than earlier views, this approach to culture still allowed for distinctions between "civilized" and "primitive" or "tribal" cultures.

In 1860, Adolf Bastian (1826–1905) argued for "the psychic unity of mankind." He proposed that a scientific comparison of all human societies would reveal that distinct worldviews consisted of the same basic elements. According to Bastian, all human societies share a set of "elementary ideas" (Elementargedanken); different cultures, or different "folk ideas" (Völkergedanken), are local modifications of the elementary ideas. This view paved the way for the modern understanding of culture. Franz Boas (1858–1942) was trained in this tradition, and he brought it with him when he left Germany for the United States.

In the 19th century, humanists such as English poet and essayist Matthew Arnold (1822–1888) used the word "culture" to refer to an ideal of individual human refinement, of "the best that has been thought and said in the world." This concept of culture is also comparable to the German concept of bildung: "...culture being a pursuit of our total perfection by means of getting to know, on all the matters which most concern us, the best which has been thought and said in the world."

In practice, culture referred to an elite ideal and was associated with such activities as art, classical music, and haute cuisine. As these forms were associated with urban life, "culture" was identified with "civilization" (from lat. civitas, city). Another facet of the Romantic movement was an interest in folklore, which led to identifying a "culture" among non-elites. This distinction is often characterized as that between high culture, namely that of the ruling social group, and low culture. In other words, the idea of "culture" that developed in Europe during the 18th and early 19th centuries reflected inequalities within European societies.

Matthew Arnold contrasted "culture" with anarchy; other Europeans, following philosophers Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, contrasted "culture" with "the state of nature." According to Hobbes and Rousseau, the Native Americans who were being conquered by Europeans from the 16th centuries on were living in a state of nature[citation needed]; this opposition was expressed through the contrast between "civilized" and "uncivilized." According to this way of thinking, one could classify some countries and nations as more civilized than others and some people as more cultured than others. This contrast led to Herbert Spencer's theory of Social Darwinism and Lewis Henry Morgan's theory of cultural evolution. Just as some critics have argued that the distinction between high and low cultures is an expression of the conflict between European elites and non-elites, other critics have argued that the distinction between civilized and uncivilized people is an expression of the conflict between European colonial powers and their colonial subjects.

Other 19th-century critics, following Rousseau, have accepted this differentiation between higher and lower culture, but have seen the refinement and sophistication of high culture as corrupting and unnatural developments that obscure and distort people's essential nature. These critics considered folk music (as produced by "the folk," i.e., rural, illiterate, peasants) to honestly express a natural way of life, while classical music seemed superficial and decadent. Equally, this view often portrayed indigenous peoples as "noble savages" living authentic and unblemished lives, uncomplicated and uncorrupted by the highly stratified capitalist systems of the West.

In 1870 the anthropologist Edward Tylor (1832–1917) applied these ideas of higher versus lower culture to propose a theory of the evolution of religion. According to this theory, religion evolves from more polytheistic to more monotheistic forms. In the process, he redefined culture as a diverse set of activities characteristic of all human societies. This view paved the way for the modern understanding of religion.

Although anthropologists worldwide refer to Tylor's definition of culture, in the 20th century "culture" emerged as the central and unifying concept of American anthropology, where it most commonly refers to the universal human capacity to classify and encode human experiences symbolically, and to communicate symbolically encoded experiences socially.[citation needed] American anthropology is organized into four fields, each of which plays an important role in research on culture: biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, and in the United States and Canada, archaeology. The term Kulturbrille, or "culture glasses," coined by German American anthropologist Franz Boas, refers to the "lenses" through which we see our own countries. Martin Lindstrom asserts that Kulturbrille, which allow us to make sense of the culture we inhabit, also "can blind us to things outsiders pick up immediately."

The sociology of culture concerns culture as manifested in society. For sociologist Georg Simmel (1858–1918), culture referred to "the cultivation of individuals through the agency of external forms which have been objectified in the course of history." As such, culture in the sociological field can be defined as the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together shape a people's way of life. Culture can be any of two types, non-material culture or material culture. Non-material culture refers to the non-physical ideas that individuals have about their culture, including values, belief systems, rules, norms, morals, language, organizations, and institutions, while material culture is the physical evidence of a culture in the objects and architecture they make or have made. The term tends to be relevant only in archeological and anthropological studies, but it specifically means all material evidence which can be attributed to culture, past or present.

Cultural sociology first emerged in Weimar Germany (1918–1933), where sociologists such as Alfred Weber used the term Kultursoziologie (cultural sociology). Cultural sociology was then "reinvented" in the English-speaking world as a product of the "cultural turn" of the 1960s, which ushered in structuralist and postmodern approaches to social science. This type of cultural sociology may be loosely regarded as an approach incorporating cultural analysis and critical theory. Cultural sociologists tend to reject scientific methods, instead hermeneutically focusing on words, artifacts and symbols. "Culture" has since become an important concept across many branches of sociology, including resolutely scientific fields like social stratification and social network analysis. As a result, there has been a recent influx of quantitative sociologists to the field. Thus, there is now a growing group of sociologists of culture who are, confusingly, not cultural sociologists. These scholars reject the abstracted postmodern aspects of cultural sociology, and instead, look for a theoretical backing in the more scientific vein of social psychology and cognitive science.[citation needed]

The sociology of culture grew from the intersection between sociology (as shaped by early theorists like Marx, Durkheim, and Weber) with the growing discipline of anthropology, wherein researchers pioneered ethnographic strategies for describing and analyzing a variety of cultures around the world. Part of the legacy of the early development of the field lingers in the methods (much of cultural, sociological research is qualitative), in the theories (a variety of critical approaches to sociology are central to current research communities), and in the substantive focus of the field. For instance, relationships between popular culture, political control, and social class were early and lasting concerns in the field.

In the United Kingdom, sociologists and other scholars influenced by Marxism such as Stuart Hall (1932–2014) and Raymond Williams (1921–1988) developed cultural studies. Following nineteenth-century Romantics, they identified "culture" with consumption goods and leisure activities (such as art, music, film, food, sports, and clothing). They saw patterns of consumption and leisure as determined by relations of production, which led them to focus on class relations and the organization of production.

In the United States, cultural studies focuses largely on the study of popular culture; that is, on the social meanings of mass-produced consumer and leisure goods. Richard Hoggart coined the term in 1964 when he founded the Birmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies or CCCS. It has since become strongly associated with Stuart Hall, who succeeded Hoggart as Director. Cultural studies in this sense, then, can be viewed as a limited concentration scoped on the intricacies of consumerism, which belongs to a wider culture sometimes referred to as "Western civilization" or "globalism."

From the 1970s onward, Stuart Hall's pioneering work, along with that of his colleagues Paul Willis, Dick Hebdige, Tony Jefferson, and Angela McRobbie, created an international intellectual movement. As the field developed, it began to combine political economy, communication, sociology, social theory, literary theory, media theory, film/video studies, cultural anthropology, philosophy, museum studies, and art history to study cultural phenomena or cultural texts. In this field researchers often concentrate on how particular phenomena relate to matters of ideology, nationality, ethnicity, social class, and/or gender. Cultural studies is concerned with the meaning and practices of everyday life. These practices comprise the ways people do particular things (such as watching television or eating out) in a given culture. It also studies the meanings and uses people attribute to various objects and practices. Specifically, culture involves those meanings and practices held independently of reason. Watching television to view a public perspective on a historical event should not be thought of as culture unless referring to the medium of television itself, which may have been selected culturally; however, schoolchildren watching television after school with their friends to "fit in" certainly qualifies since there is no grounded reason for one's participation in this practice.

In the context of cultural studies, the idea of a text includes not only written language, but also films, photographs, fashion or hairstyles: the texts of cultural studies comprise all the meaningful artifacts of culture. Similarly, the discipline widens the concept of "culture." "Culture" for a cultural-studies researcher not only includes traditional high culture (the culture of ruling social groups) and popular culture, but also everyday meanings and practices. The last two, in fact, have become the main focus of cultural studies. A further and recent approach is comparative cultural studies, based on the disciplines of comparative literature and cultural studies.

Scholars in the United Kingdom and the United States developed somewhat different versions of cultural studies after the late 1970s. The British version of cultural studies had originated in the 1950s and 1960s, mainly under the influence of Richard Hoggart, E.P. Thompson, and Raymond Williams, and later that of Stuart Hall and others at the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies at the University of Birmingham. This included overtly political, left-wing views, and criticisms of popular culture as "capitalist" mass culture; it absorbed some of the ideas of the Frankfurt School critique of the "culture industry" (i.e. mass culture). This emerges in the writings of early British cultural-studies scholars and their influences: see the work of (for example) Raymond Williams, Stuart Hall, Paul Willis, and Paul Gilroy.

In the United States, Lindlof and Taylor write, "Cultural studies [were] grounded in a pragmatic, liberal-pluralist tradition." The American version of cultural studies initially concerned itself more with understanding the subjective and appropriative side of audience reactions to, and uses of, mass culture; for example, American cultural-studies advocates wrote about the liberatory aspects of fandom.[citation needed] The distinction between American and British strands, however, has faded.[citation needed] Some researchers, especially in early British cultural studies, apply a Marxist model to the field. This strain of thinking has some influence from the Frankfurt School, but especially from the structuralist Marxism of Louis Althusser and others. The main focus of an orthodox Marxist approach concentrates on the production of meaning. This model assumes a mass production of culture and identifies power as residing with those producing cultural artifacts. In a Marxist view, the mode and relations of production form the economic base of society, which constantly interacts and influences superstructures, such as culture. Other approaches to cultural studies, such as feminist cultural studies and later American developments of the field, distance themselves from this view. They criticize the Marxist assumption of a single, dominant meaning, shared by all, for any cultural product. The non-Marxist approaches suggest that different ways of consuming cultural artifacts affect the meaning of the product. This view comes through in the book Doing Cultural Studies: The Story of the Sony Walkman (by Paul du Gay et al.), which seeks to challenge the notion that those who produce commodities control the meanings that people attribute to them. Feminist cultural analyst, theorist, and art historian Griselda Pollock contributed to cultural studies from viewpoints of art history and psychoanalysis. The writer Julia Kristeva is among influential voices at the turn of the century, contributing to cultural studies from the field of art and psychoanalytical French feminism.

Petrakis and Kostis (2013) divide cultural background variables into two main groups:

In 2016, a new approach to culture was suggested by Rein Raud, who defines culture as the sum of resources available to human beings for making sense of their world and proposes a two-tiered approach, combining the study of texts (all reified meanings in circulation) and cultural practices (all repeatable actions that involve the production, dissemination or transmission of purposes), thus making it possible to re-link anthropological and sociological study of culture with the tradition of textual theory.

Starting in the 1990s,:31 psychological research on culture influence began to grow and challenge the universality assumed in general psychology.:158–168 Culture psychologists began to try to explore the relationship between emotions and culture, and answer whether the human mind is independent from culture. For example, people from collectivistic cultures, such as the Japanese, suppress their positive emotions more than their American counterparts. Culture may affect the way that people experience and express emotions. On the other hand, some researchers try to look for differences between people's personalities across cultures. As different cultures dictate distinctive norms, culture shock is also studied to understand how people react when they are confronted with other cultures. Cognitive tools may not be accessible or they may function differently cross culture.:19 For example, people who are raised in a culture with an abacus are trained with distinctive reasoning style. Cultural lenses may also make people view the same outcome of events differently. Westerners are more motivated by their successes than their failures, while East Asians are better motivated by the avoidance of failure. Culture is important for psychologists to consider when understanding the human mental operation.

There are a number of international agreements and national laws relating to the protection of culture and cultural heritage. UNESCO and its partner organizations such as Blue Shield International coordinate international protection and local implementation.

Basically, the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and the UNESCO Convention for the Protection of Cultural Diversity deal with the protection of culture. Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights deals with cultural heritage in two ways: it gives people the right to participate in cultural life on the one hand and the right to the protection of their contributions to cultural life on the other.

The protection of culture and cultural goods is increasingly taking up a large area nationally and internationally. Under international law, the UN and UNESCO try to set up and enforce rules for this. The aim is not to protect a person's property, but rather to preserve the cultural heritage of humanity, especially in the event of war and armed conflict. According to Karl von Habsburg, President of Blue Shield International, the destruction of cultural assets is also part of psychological warfare. The target of the attack is the identity of the opponent, which is why symbolic cultural assets become a main target. It is also intended to affect the particularly sensitive cultural memory, the growing cultural diversity and the economic basis (such as tourism) of a state, region or municipality.

Another important issue today is the impact of tourism on the various forms of culture. On the one hand, this can be physical impact on individual objects or the destruction caused by increasing environmental pollution and, on the other hand, socio-cultural effects on society.

@browofjustice This punitive culture is toxic beyond measure....
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Thanks to @cenemagazine for the 3 page feature in their latest publication. We have a few copies in the gallery if…
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San Francisco shows the left is taking American culture backward. The school board just voted to rename 44 schools…
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I am amused by all Republicans who turn themselves into victims and scream "cancel culture" for trying to hold peop…
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A commendable exercise to popularise local culture of West Bengal, artwork from Odisha and a noble gesture in Jhark…
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RT @tacticalfiend: I always preferred obsessing over execution vs "tropes" & series with big normie appeal rule. Ashita no Joe wasn't subve…
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How the Christian Right Helped Foment Insurrection via @RollingStone
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@icy_Benzino youre american though. you dont know what secondary school culture is like in london🤨
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RT @scalzi: On the subject of DC statehood, some folks have suggested it just get reabsorbed by Maryland/Virginia, which sounds really effi…
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@TawnaWebber @miguelnomicon @Je5usaurus_Rex @Popehat I really think we’re still at the stage of needing to change p…
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RT @galeforceVC: Successful founders / VCs: 1⃣Are passionate about their business 2⃣Have no fear of failure (growth mindset = key) 3⃣Love…
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@DANCE0FDRAG0NS Before the time of pc culture aka the dark times people understood the concept of death during war.…
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So you’re being held accountable? That’s not ‘cancel culture’
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RT @_IllumiNatives: Native and Indigenous individuals are using Tik Tok to challenge stereotypes about our cultures, and let the world know…
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Hire the "Best of the Best" - The implementation of Sales Strategy begins with right culture
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RT @DavidAFrench: What is Christian nationalism? It’s an emotional attachment to history that’s incomplete, to a culture that’s exclusive,…
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@Nunya_Bidniz #TEXIT upholds the fundamental relationship between TX’s unique culture & independence—preserving, ce…
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having been a .@chloexhalle fan since their first EP to now seeing Chloe’s posts trend with the weird commentary on…
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@AndreMayo8 @Chachillz1 @RealDLHughley Stop defending rape culture... Just stop it!
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RT @fred_guttenberg: Hey "cancel culture" Republicans, may I introduce you to Colin Kapernick, Nike, and same sex couples who want to have…
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≪お寿司食べる前にネタの事知りたい!≫ブリ→冬場のブリは脂がのっていて、濃厚な味わいが楽しめる。「寒ブリ」と言われるくらいだから、やっぱ冬場が食べごろかも。
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RT @stirednotshakn: So happy to see we made the cancel culture irrelevant. I ordered 2 small & 2 standard pillows.
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It’s worth thinking about why police officers, who knew they were breaking the law, made evidence of themselves doi…
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@glolikelena I aint gon say that cause we have coffee ceremonies in my culture & niggas b drinkin it too!!!! black…
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La Voulte-sur-Rhône : les cygnes sont de sortie après la crue du Rhône
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Personne ne sait ce que fera @davidlisnard en 2022, mais aujourd’hui il fait du bien au débat ! Quel plaisir d’ent…
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RT @MS_582: Classes 7A1, 7A2, and 7DA3 had a virtual visit from the Noguchi Museum. We learned about the artwork of Isamu Noguchi and how…
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RT @SPUR_magazine: “BL沼”にハマる人が続出中! 世界的人気作品に出演する若手美男子たちをフィーチャー💕
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RT @mjclezignan: Des nouveautés numériques du côté de la Maison des jeunes et de la culture à Lézignan-Corbières #numerique #accompagnement…
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RT @SapphicxMenace: A lot of ppl's hatred for "cancel culture" is rly just recycled rape culture talk. Same ol, "but what abt [the abuser'…
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RT @daveypinks: Hanbok designer Kim Dan-ha receives a commendation from the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism for HYLT Hanbok outfits…
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@WomanOfManyCats @AlexDGlengarry U R a cancel culture acolyte.
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RT @rpdrukfans: 12 years ago today the race begun! Since then @RuPaul’s #DragRace has had 13 regular seasons, 5 All Stars seasons, spawned…
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REQUEST @dimash_official @MTV #FridayLivestream In November, DIMASH performed at the closing ceremony of Mary – …
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@ReemKomi You are Egyptian & have amazing working ethics. Culture or personal ?
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RT @ArtfulPrudence: You don't understand the fundamental suppositions of your own culture if your own culture is the only culture you know.
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Rape culture is completely systemic. Society protects perpetrators and shames victims into silence. Nobody discusse…
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RT @scoutmagph: ICYMI: "I see that the EJK issue is being forgotten and it needs to be amplified again."
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RT @OriginalFunko: RT & follow @OriginalFunko for the chance to WIN this @HotTopic exclusive FLOCKED Winnie the Pooh Pop!
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RT @potesarachannn: Japanese culture #ぽてさら毎日自撮り部
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The remarkable part of all of Marjorie Taylor Greene's social media content is the absence of any apology or remors…
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The total freeze out of I May Destroy You and Michaela Coel is proof that the Golden Globes deserve zero attention…
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“No league was more essential to the social justice movement in 2020 than the WNBA.” Read it again. Thank you to th…
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RT @StephenCurry30: “No league was more essential to the social justice movement in 2020 than the WNBA.” Read it again. Thank you to the wo…
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RT @abisoye_osun: Jesus is above culture #preachitsis
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RT @Jamsworld1: @f4gg0t4_zamla @berserkrcm @Tarekskyy @MoorishMovement What's so North-African about you Asian Lulu? Why are you meddling i…
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RT @ELLEUK: ‘You Don’t Always Need To Know What You’re Doing’
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RT @IlhanMN: It’s been fun watching those who rail against “cancel culture”, spend their day trying to cancel @AOC and I.
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RT @ampomata: @albert_cunill @eoff_sylvia @duckylemon @mhall55nine @mervalls @batznatz @marialves53 @MaryBroderson @GerberArancio @culture_…
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RT @RTenfrancais: Michel Onfray : «J’ai été mis à la porte de France Culture parce que je gênais Emmanuel Macron» #Covid19 #Libertés @Mich…
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RT @mulder_pieter: Alfred Schnittke (1934 - 1998) - Cello Concerto No. 1 (1986) I. Pesante. Moderato [0:00​] II. Largo [14:58​] III. Alleg…
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RT @OpheliaAlexiou: @proud2bLib The only thing #GOPDomesticTerrorists like #InsurgentJim want to cancel the culture of is accountability so…
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RT @TrentCapelli: For all the conservatives and GOP screaming about “cancel culture”, let me introduce you to Colin Kaepernick. You may rem…
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RT @TrentCapelli: For all the conservatives and GOP screaming about “cancel culture”, let me introduce you to Colin Kaepernick. You may rem…
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RT @DrewfromJersey: Culture changer and ultimate competitor Jamal Adams got spooked by an 8th grade girl mocking him and the #Jets.
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RT @GleanBookTravel: 🇲🇲Glean BookTravel Club #3🇲🇲 New Destination | New Author | New Book📚 🌏#Myanmar | Thuta Aung | writer, academic, all…
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RT @IlhanMN: It’s been fun watching those who rail against “cancel culture”, spend their day trying to cancel @AOC and I.
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@hazydav @Whittymeg1 Has nothing to do with cancel culture. It has to do with terrorism. Idiot.
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@GOPLeader The Democrats need to stop. We can NOT be weak to their antics and their cancel culture. If anything hap…
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We are proud of our own culture and heritage and are the true model of Democracy. Don't interfere in our internal m…
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A six word tweet with an hashtag by a Foriegn pop artist has shaken the country more than lakhs of farmers in the c…
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I pay homage to Pandit Bhimsen Joshi Ji on his birth anniversary. We recall his monumental contribution to the worl…
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Republicans - First Amendment Democrats - Cancel Culture
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RT @AffiSupaStar: You people that love to do 'cancel culture' with companies will keep failing...and failing....and failing! I love to see…
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RT @NickCaddick1: 11 days left to apply for our @ahrcpress-funded Research Fellow role on 'Stories in Transition'. Ideal for a #filmmaker r…
13
Golden Globes 2021: The Biggest Surprises and Snubs
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RT @lemondefr: 📺 #ALaTéléCeSoir | « En thérapie », la subtile mise en scène d’un trauma personnel et collectif. Diffusée sur @ARTEfr, cette…
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RT @emmiegraceb: cancel culture is NOT Christlike.
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RT @arJunebug: Patch culture has been notoriously wack throughout the history of PM. Flowchart goes: Patch makes changes -> people who like…
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RT @fashion_pariah: Time to PROTEST the police & push for a vote of no confidence in GG. Time to propose real amendments to our archaic law…
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RT @mrspanstreppon: ...Lol. Can you beat this? Christian Whiton is the president of the Hamilton Foundation, dedicated to promoting "wester…
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RT @USOCC: The OCC is a great place to work in the federal government. It provides diversity, family-friendly culture, and competitive pay…
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RT @miakhalifa: Selena was basically the only spicy brunette representation I had in pop culture/media growing up, I am one of you 😩
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@Jim_Jordan Your logic: Montgomery bus boycott = “cancel culture”, protest divestment to end apartheid=“cancel cult…
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@SimonClarkeMP Simon pack this culture war nonsense in, please. 100k dead from covid mismanagement, economy down the drain. Sort it out!
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RT @KaceyKells: Do you want to know more about my book: KELLCEY? Do you feel concerned with WOMEN'S RIGHTS, RAPE CULTURE, VIOLENCE AGAINST…
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RT @Public_Citizen: cancel student debt culture
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RT @yianniseinstein: @albertopetro2 @marialves53 @Rebeka80721106 @smarucci461 @scastaldi9 @LunaLeso @DavLucia @dianadep1 @agustin_gut @Baro…
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@USlawreview No, the people that want it are just the loudest and proudest. There's just as many, if not more that…
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RT @al_rousset: Comment la Région @NvelleAquitaine espère rouvrir les lieux culturels ? #COVID19 @OARAquitaine @RS_Barbey @Fede_FELIN @res…
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RT @denzmooney: dustin & i are calling into @mtv later around 5:45pm ET. we’ll be chopping it up w/ @gitoo to discuss black culture & music…
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RT @lisatozzi: FFS: Holding people responsible for their actions is not “cancel culture”.
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@CottoGottfried Yup. Not ashamed to admit, the GOP is predominantly the party of ordinary white people, plus assimi…
0
Having such an amazing culture to be able to claim and participate in unapologetically
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RT @fake_biden: Nobody called it cancel culture when we defeated Hitler. It was just called “fighting evil bastards” back then.
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RT @NHSwhistleblowr: Whistleblowers flag heartbreaking #patientsafety at @uhbtrust @Rebeccasmt 14 Comments. All…
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RT @hels: There’s no excuse for eating indoors at a restaurant right now that doesn’t ultimately boil down to “I really want to,” and that…
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We are celebrating black stories, history and culture this month. Join this month here in #barnesandnoble as we cel…
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RT @BasedJane: Whenever her name pops up, I always encourage people to look her up on LinkedIn. Yea, she got fired but she had a new job a…
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RT @FUZZYSE0KS: @blusideseok @yooniefy hobi takes such care to mention the roots of dancing and highlight the culture they originally came…
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@Valkyrie20201 @elaine26459022 Spelling mistake on purpose! Trying to emulate grate ukay culture.
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RT @holdup_ledoc: "Mise en ligne en avant-première il y a une semaine, la nouvelle enquête du magazine présenté par Elise Lucet sur les fra…
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RT @timnitGebru: The way these ppl get obsessed, harass & try to get attention, then go around & demand others “denounce” us while crying a…
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@courtneybias Feel free to visit our Website: for Apparel Designed with the Culture in min…
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This property is behind everything that has changed with time: evolution, culture, ideas, revolutions, political sy…
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RT @lib_crusher: Cancel Culture is out of control!
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RT @BiancaBelairWWE: This year for #BlackHistoryMonth   we wanted to highlight some individuals that contributed to Black History & Culture…
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I've taught at @GeorgetownLaw for more than 20 years. I'm pretty sure I've never had a 1st year student who'd do a…
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Discovery Campus of IIT-Madras will enable the culture of research and innovation to flourish.
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Through inspiring examples, January’s #MannKiBaat highlighted diverse topics ranging from art, culture, tourism and…
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@KilljoyLottie @itzreco4live You really want to talk about that when we can't turn on our screens without seeing a…
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RT @PierreMarionnet: Parce que Poutine préfère glorifier la Grande Russie, son peuple, sa culture et son histoire plutôt que de se soumettr…
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Cantine scolaire bio et locale : culture du goût et de l’esprit
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RT @JiminGlobal: [REVIEW] Youngin Jo mentioned Jimin's integration of different forms of dance in his feature "A Korean culture and art res…
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RT @SkyforMew: All CSR projects around the world💛 All LED presentations🥰 Fly MEW to the moon🤟 Space selfie for MEW❤️ FountainOfLovexMEW…
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@lohmyyourblind @DrRWarwick @Femi_Sorry Ha ha. Classic bot technique. Add a random piece of populist culture mid debate.
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RT @JiminGlobal: [REVIEW] Youngin Jo mentioned Jimin's integration of different forms of dance in his feature "A Korean culture and art res…
42
@PAL362 @_SaveOurStatues @OliverDowden @HuddlestonNigel Dowden is calling for these organisations to "defend Britis…
0
@JackGriffiin @aideneaglesfan @MySportsUpdate NO Tom Brady = NO Level-Up Team/Org/CityWide Winning Culture-Change…
0
@Emerging_Dragon @Parko23 This is everywhere. You think there is a workplace that doesn't have this culture? So wha…
0
RT @PJM_data: Weverse Magazine | A Korean culture and art researcher breaks down BTS’s dances: "Jimin is greatly influenced by having stud…
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RT @somebodyclearly: You guys trust Western media to portray Southeast Asian culture? Haven't we learned anything?
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RT @JiminGlobal: [REVIEW] Youngin Jo mentioned Jimin's integration of different forms of dance in his feature "A Korean culture and art res…
42
RT @thebilinguist: If cancel culture is real, why do we have to cancel Joss Whedon every year?
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RT @rishibagree: They Destroy our history They Deride our festivals They Denigrate our culture They Throttle our sense of pride They Fill u…
285
RT @Ashwani29805557: @discoveryplusIN India is not only Taj Mahal , we Hindus built the great Temples nd 3D sculptures thousands of year ag…
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RT @Unilever: We’re committed to creating a culture that’s free from bias and discrimination. We’re proud to already have gender balance ac…
24
Traditional-Kimono-Japan|10 Traditional Ethnic Clothes Around the World
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Mexican Day of the Dead comes to Liverpool's St George's Hall for festival of Latin American culture - Liverpool Echo
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Tanzanya'da 20 Gün Geçiren Fotoğrafçının Gözünden Farklı Kabilelere Ait İlginç Fotoğraflar
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For children 5-8 years old SE.1.64 Ask questions about physical differences. SE.1.61 Demonstrate awareness of activities that can satisfy people‘s wants. SE.1.62 Talk about what he wants to be when he grows up. SE.1.63 Recognize gender differences. SE.1.64 Ask questions about physical differences.
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Les anciennes tribus d’Ethiopie en voie de disparition
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Photographer Captures the World in Faces to Showcase Beauty Across the Globe
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A young Padaung girl at Baan Tong Luang, a “cultural preservation” village outside Chiang Mai where four hill tribes sell crafts and demonstrate skills.
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In Kathmandu, a Festival for Women - Arts & Lifestyle - The Atlantic Cities
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The little girl captured in this photograph is performing Bharat Natyam, a classic Indian dance form.
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Woman from the Omo Delta in Ethiopia
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Geisha - Fiona Graham, caucasian Geisha as of 2007. Beautiful, smart and brave enough to immerse herself in a completely different culture. Inspiration much?
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Find the latest teaching resources and ideas for the elementary and middle school classroom. Interactive notebooks, classroom management, and more
2
tribal cultures from around the world | ... They Pass Away: A tribute to vibrant tribal cultures around the world
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In this article, “ Cultural Diversity in the Workplace” you can find the meaning of cultural diversity and why does cultural diversity matters. It talks about the benefit of having a different culture in economics. The power of diversity is that it has a more positive impact on everyone's lives. It also shows us how to manage diversity in the workplace to create a better working environment.
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Les anciennes tribus d’Ethiopie en voie de disparition
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Photographer Captures the World in Faces to Showcase Beauty Across the Globe
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Aspects Of Culture
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Diversity
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tribal cultures from around the world | ... They Pass Away: A tribute to vibrant tribal cultures around the world
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The Souk in Marrakech, Morocco | 21 Most Colorful And Vibrant Places In The World
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In Kathmandu, a Festival for Women - The Atlantic
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Treti Pivni
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Learn all about Russia's geography and culture with this free download from KidsPressMagazine! #geography #AsianCountries #Russia
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Praktikum im Ausland | Freiwilligenarbeit im Ausland | Sprachkurse im Ausland | Adventure Tours www.academical-travels.de
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Traditional-Kimono-Japan|10 Traditional Ethnic Clothes Around the World
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Discover the 2019 travel trends at themonsyeursjournal.com
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The Fashionable Mixed-Media Collages of Kim Alban | Trendland - Design, Art & Culture Online Magazine
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Cultural Heritage Below the Water Line
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How to Celebrate Dia De Los Muertos in Guadalajara Like a Local | Away Lands - The best hotels, what foods to eat, and everything to experience at Day of the Dead in Mexico
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Les anciennes tribus d’Ethiopie en voie de disparition
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reise nach indien indische kultur markt
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A young Padaung girl at Baan Tong Luang, a “cultural preservation” village outside Chiang Mai where four hill tribes sell crafts and demonstrate skills.
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What is Culture?
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The New York Times Magazine Culture Issue - Ben Grandgenett #webdesign #designer #logodesign #AmericanHighSchool #onlinemiddleschool #OnlineHomeSchool
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“It is not what you do for your children, but what you have taught them to do for themselves, that will make them successful human beings.” - Ann Landers
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Einfaches Gemüse für den Anbau: In diesem kleinen Garten können verschiedene Pflanzen wachsen, z.B. Tomaten, Gurken, Stangenbohnen, Brokkoli, Paprika, Rote Bete, Kohl, Spinat, Petersilie, Zwiebeln, Blattsalat, Karotten und Radieschen. Bei Plantura erfahrt Ihr mehr zum Thema "Pflanzplan" und "Hochbeet bepflanzen". Hier gibt es Tipps, wie Ihr Euer Hochbeet am besten bepflanzen könnt und welche Mischkultur Sinn macht. #Hochbeet #Pflanzplan
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Mischkultur im Gemüsegarten: 28 wirksame Mischkultur-Kombinationen für Garten oder Hochbeet. Die ultimative Mischkulturtabelle für Tomaten, Kräuter und Co. 
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Personal Identity- What makes us who we are? Culture, ethnicity, beliefs, society, family, peers, the media??
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Die ideale Anzahl an Pflanzen im Beet: Für ein ideal angelegtes Beet, haben wir für Euch die durchschnittliche Anzahl an Pflanzen zusammgengestellt. Bei Plantura erfahrt Ihr mehr zum Thema "Pflanzplan" und "Hochbeet bepflanzen". Hier gibt es Tipps, wie Ihr Euer Hochbeet am besten bepflanzen könnt und welche Mischkultur Sinn macht. #Gemüsebeet #Gartentipp
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Jimmy Nelson Indigenous Cultures Show at Bryce Wolkowitz Gallery Photos | Architectural Digest
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Mischkultur im Hochbeet - Jahr 1-4: Für die Erstbepflanzung des Hochbeets sollten einige starkzehrende Gemüsearten ausgewählt werden. Weitere Tipps zur Mischkultur im Hochbeet gibt es bei Plantura. #Mischkultur #Hochbeet
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28 Gemüsearten und ihre wirksamsten Mischkultur-Partner + Beispielplan: Du fragst dich, welche Pflanzen sich vertragen und deswegen im Gemüsebeet oder Hochbeet nebeneinander wachsen sollen? Dann kommt hier die komplette Liste mit guten und schlechten Pflanzpartnern. #Wurzelwerk #Garten #Permakultur
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Pflanzplan für eine gute Mischkultur im Küchengarten
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culture Pinterest Ideas
Oct 9, 2016 14:13
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Villa de Adriano en Tívoli 21 #JulioCesarMacTinez #actores #actors #actorslife #actorespañol #actoresespañoles #actormadrid #acteur #attore #schauspieler #español #artist #artista #artiste #cine #cinema #tv #television #cultura #culture #kultur #improvisacion #interpretacion #artesescenicas #scenic #scenicart #spain #españa #madrid #newyork
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#acteur #actoresespañoles #improvisacion #actorslife #juliocesarmactinez
Feb 12, 2021 01:54
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In front of Dougga capitol in Tunisia. Roman ruins for eternity. March 2011.#travelgram #travel #traveler #dougga #tunisia #tunisie #happy #love #food #discover #amazing #theatre #culture #history #romanantiquity #roman #newyear #newyork #losangeles #miami #soulavouteceleste #nature #landscape #tunis #archeology
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#discover #losangeles #food #love #amazing
Aug 17, 2019 15:59
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Keseruan Acara Indonesia Independence Day di Sydney 🇮🇩 Thank you #kjrisydney untuk Door Price, lunch, entertainment & games. Thats was awesome. #merdeka #hutri74 #independenceday #discoverunder1k #sydneylife #blogger_de #wanderlust #DirgahayuRepublikIndonesia #thehappynow #red #jacket #hat #culture #followme #10k #goals #followers #accessories #youtuber #girlsquad #batak #discoverunder10k #ulos #wonderfulindonesia #influencer #17an #peopleinframe
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#peopleinframe #wanderlust #jacket #girlsquad #blogger_de
Feb 13, 2021 17:13
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Jehan hanım🇹🇷Türkiye’ye doktora yapmak için gelmiş, Arapça dilimiz sayesinde tanışıp,kaynaştık 🤗 yoğun çalışma şartlarıyla -22 paket margarini attık👋vücuttan ve tabiki de sağlıklı bir beslenme programı oluşturduk alkışlar gelsin 👏👏👏.#iraq #turkey #doctorate #dietitians #nutritionist #eskisehir #ırak #lossweight #healthylifestyle #türkiye #doktora #diyetisyen #zayıflama #sagliklibeslenme #eskişehirdiyetisyen #eskişehir #iraq #anadoluüniversitesi #turkey #national #culture #culturephotography #photography #smile #gününfotoğrafı #photooftheday #photography #photoeveryday #photodaily #instagram #instagood #instadaily #instalike
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#lossweight #doktora #instagood #doctorate #culture
May 14, 2020 12:32
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Icare, by german sculptor Igor Mitoraj 📍Faubourg de l'Arche, La Défense 🇫🇷 Art photography. . .. . .. #art #arte #artist #culture #sculpture #statute #paris #france 🇫🇷 #parisladefense #ladefense #parisianlife #life #lifestyle #photooftheday #photography #igers #photographer #body #daily #realism #tourism #travel #traveler #igersfrance #igersparis #igersart #instagood #great #discovereu
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#igersparis #life #france #statute #parisianlife
Aug 14, 2020 14:56
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Baila...💃 🧡💛 . . .. . 📍Paris . . 📷: © Fabert F . . #paris #france #world #culture #dance #daily #workout #expression #latina #photo #amazing #photography #photographer #photooftheday #travelphotography #travel #traveler #explorer #street #eu #happy #street #streetphotography #beautiful #love #fire #girls #streetart #art #music #suramerica
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#fire #travel #love #traveler #streetart
Aug 29, 2020 15:37
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La Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris en mode vintage. . . .. .📍Paris 🇨🇵 . .. 📷: ©Fabert F . .. . #paris #france 🇨🇵 #notredamedeparis #eu #city #notredame #church #cathedral #citylife #bnw #cityphotography #art  #photooftheday #culture #vintagestyle #travel #photography #2fafoto #photographer #monument #architecture #streetphotography #photographylovers #traveler #travelgram #travelling #blackandwhite #explorer
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#travelgram #notredame #photooftheday #travelling #streetphotography
Aug 29, 2020 17:13
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#photography #photographer #photo #photooftheday #thailand #thai #chiangmai #culture #photoshoot #portrait #portraitphotography #blackandwhite #blackamdwhitephotography #art #artphotography #artphoto #bestoftheday #hmong #artist #arts #artistic #asian #travel #travelphotography #travelgram #travelblogger #travelling #chiangrai #girl
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#portraitphotography #photographer #travelling #photoshoot #travelphotography
Sep 1, 2020 18:51
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Terugkeer naar enkele jaren geleden. Barcelona precorona. Raar, nu ontwijken we mensen als de pest. . . . . . . . . #throwback #remeniscing #memory #past #Barcelona #Spain #precorona #blackandwhite #black #dark #hat #witch #goth #girl #curlyhair #brunette #walk #explore #people #street #adventure #holiday #summer #travel #shop #local #culture #building #tourism #photography
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#dark #explore #precorona #spain #holiday
Sep 2, 2020 01:13
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Un perrito estiludo en Brooklyn😏 A stylish doggy in Brooklyn #cocothehusky #huskyscolombia #coconut #huskylovers #huskypuppy #huskylife #husky #dogs #huskyworld #idphoto #id #pictureoftheday❤️ #ny #culture #dogtraveler #coco #style #hipster #hipsterdog #bogota #colombia #stylish #stylishdog #fancy #doggy 🐶 #travel #travelphotography #newyork #brooklyn #photoshop
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#photoshop #hipsterdog #coco