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Opening of the Living History Park in Nizhny Novgorod, built by Legio XII Fulminata (Russia) Открытие Парка живой истории в Нижнем Новгороде, построенного Двенадцатым молниеносным легионом #romanempire #reenactors #romanlegion #romanarmy #romanhistory #imperioromano #spqr #livinghistory #romans #legion #ancientwar #ancientrome #reenactor #reenactment #римляне #romanarmor #ancientarmor #РимскийЛегион #ИсторическийФестиваль #ИсторическаяРеконструкция #ДревнийРим
While Julian was still at Naissus, he received welcome news: Constantius had died of natural causes. He now had no rivals. However, opposition to the emperor remained. Julian had inherited Sirmium's garrison of two Legions and an archer Cohort when the city surrendered, but the loyalty of these troops was suspect and they were sent far away to Gaul allegedly to protect against German raids. This made the troops mutinous, who deliberately delayed their rate of march, and their mood was exploited by a pro-Constantian officer called Nigrinius. He was a Mesopotamian, and commander of a cavalry Vexillation, and encouraged the mutiny. --- When Nigrinius reached the city of Aquileia, he seized it in Constantius' name. Not knowing the emperor was dead, the citizenry eagerly joined him. Julian couldn't allow such an important city to resist him, but as he was preoccupied with other matters the general Immo with a part of the army was to besiege Aquileia. The city was rapidly surrounded by a double line of heavy infantry, who advanced under the cover of makeshift screens alongside ladders. The Julianic forces were unable to undermine the walls with their iron tools, and finally were repulsed by a hail of stones and other missiles. Following this defeat, Julian's men dug in and readied for another attack via the nearby river Natesio using siege towers mounted on rafts and towed by ships. --- These novel engines however were also repulsed, and the defenders were aided by their potent artillery which fired flaming bolts coated in pitch, which set aflame the river assault party, while their comrades attacking via the ground were similarly impeded by hails of missiles. Immo and the other generals allowed the men to rest for the night, but the next day the assault was resumed. Ladders were again brought up and some tried to break off the iron bars holding the gates, but the stream of stones and bolts once more drove them back. Below the walls there was a trench and an earth
Opulento e ricco di dettagli, il giardino descritto ad olio su tela dal pittore neoclassico inglese John William #godward. Simili colonne, piante, fontane e sculture le avremmo con ogni probabilità ritrovate anche nel grande peristilio della #villamosaicispello. "A Pompeian garden", 1904 Collezione privata #painting #art #artwork #workofart #arthistory #masterpiece #artsy #instaart #artlovers #artist #arthistory #pittura #discover #neverstopexploring #romanlife #vitaromana #romanhistory #history #storia #romanempire #imperoromano #romanvilla #villaromana #domus #garden #peristylium #flowers #oiloncanvas
"Roma nostra vedrai. La vedrai da’ suoi colli: dal Quirinale fulgido al Gianicolo, da l’Aventino al Pincio più fulgida ancor ne l’estremo vespero, miracol sommo, irraggiare i cieli… Nulla è più grande e sacro. Ha in sé la luce d’un astro. Non i suoi cieli irraggia solo, ma il mondo, Roma." Gabriele D’Annunzio  #pictakenbyme #picoftheday #foriimperiali #fororomano #roma #rome #italia #italiadascoprire #italiadavivere #romacittaeterna #roma_super_pics #romacapitale #romacaputmundi #romanhistory #romanempire #throwback #photography #gabrieledannunzio #voyage #ricordi #memories #regionelazio #italy #history #patrimonioculturale #beniculturali #art #ancientrome #cittadiroma #eternity
"Miradas que se entrecruzan en el tiempo". El conocido como "Retrato de Paquio Próculo" es un fresco que fue encontrado en la Casa de Pansa durante las excavaciones arqueológicas de Pompeya. El fresco muestra a un matrimonio. Aunque debido a una inscripción en el exterior de la casa siempre se les ha conocido como Paquio Próculo y su mujer, en realidad se trata del panadero Terencio Neón, como nos revela un grafiti descubierto en el interior de la casa. El hombre aparece en el fresco vistiendo su toga, símbolo de su condición de ciudadano romano, y sostiene un rollo de papiro. La mujer tiene en la mano una tablilla de cera y un estilo para escribir, sugiriendo que el hombre participaba en la actividad pública o cultural y que la esposa se ocupaba mientras tanto de la administración de la casa y los negocios. #pompeii #art #arte #pompeya #romanhistory #history #museoarcheologicodinapoli #historia #instagram #instapic
🥅 ANTONIOLI para il rigore a Muzzi
Con i ricavati e i proventi delle riforme attuate, #traiano edificò collegi e orfanotrofi per i figli illegittimi e gli orfani dei suoi soldati garantendo loro un sussidio mensile e un'istruzione adeguata. Così facendo, l'imperatore garantì agli imperatori successivi un ceto dirigente abile e capace. I problemi economici vennero risolti con le campagne militari, che avevano il doppio intento di pacificare i confini e reperire l'oro e l'argento necessari per le costruzioni, le riforme e per colmare il deficit economico degli imperatori precedenti. Il suo successore, Adriano, si trovò a reggere le sorti di un impero economicamente in attivo. Traiano promosse grandi opere pubbliche e rafforzò le comunicazioni intervenendo in due modi: restaurando le principali strade e ampliando o costruendo nuovi porti, in modo da collegare più efficacemente l'Urbe al resto dell'Impero. ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 👉 Segui @Capitolivm 👈🔸🔸 👉 Tagga #capitolivm 👈🔸🔸 🌎 www.capitolivm.it 🌟🌟🌟✔ www.facebook.com/Capitolivm 🌟🌟 ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ #ancientrome #anticaroma #romanempire #ancientart #trajan #monument #archaeology #culturalsite #spqr #eternalcity #history #bestofromans #romanruins #romaantica #romanhistory #romanart #antiquity #architecture #beauty #followforfollowback #followforfollow #followback #romameravigliosa #romanbuildings #archeologia ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
A spasso del Foro di Cesare 🏛 ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 👉 Segui @Capitolivm 👈🔸🔸 👉 Tagga #capitolivm 👈🔸🔸 🌎 www.capitolivm.it 🌟🌟🌟✔ www.facebook.com/Capitolivm 🌟🌟 ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ #ancientrome #anticaroma #romanempire #ancientart #caesar #temple #monument #archaeology #culturalsite #spqr #eternalcity #history #bestofromans #romanruins #romaantica #romanhistory #romanart #antiquity #architecture #beauty #followforfollowback #followforfollow #followback #romameravigliosa #romanbuildings #archeologia ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
#legat of LEgio V Macedonica Легат Пятого македонского #romanempire #reenactors #romanlegion #romanarmy #romanhistory #imperioromano #spqr #livinghistory #romans #legion #ancientwar #ancientrome #reenactor #reenactment #римляне #romanarmor #ancientarmor #РимскийЛегион #ИсторическийФестиваль #ИсторическаяРеконструкция #ДревнийРим
Saturday at Bath Town with Family #theromanbaths #familytime #saturday #cold #shainaharigrg #hknepalikids #bathtown #romanhistory
#byzantine Mosaic, Joseph, Mary and the baby Jesus on a donkey travelling to Egypt, Baptistry of #florence Duomo, #italy.  Click our bio link for Guided #rometours & Tickets.  #byzantine #byzantineart #byzantineempire #byzantium #rome #romanempire #romanhistory #рим #art #arthistory #history #archaeologyart
The principal battlefield for all these intermittent conflicts was the towns and principalities of Germany, which suffered severely. During the Thirty Years’ War, many of the contending armies were mercenaries, many of whom could not collect their pay. This threw them on the countryside for their supplies, and thus began the “wolf-strategy” that typified this war. The armies of both sides plundered as they marched, leaving cities, towns, villages, and farms ravaged. When the contending powers finally met in the German province of Westphalia to end the bloodshed, the balance of power in Europe had been radically changed. Spain had lost not only the Netherlands but its dominant position in western Europe. France was now the chief Western power. Sweden had control of the Baltic. The United Netherlands was recognized as an independent republic. The member states of the Holy Roman Empire were granted full sovereignty. The ancient notion of a Roman Catholic empire of Europe, headed spiritually by a pope and temporally by an emperor, was permanently abandoned, and the essential structure of modern Europe as a community of sovereign states was established.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
Meanwhile the conflict widened, fueled by political ambitions of the various powers. Poland, having been drawn in as a Baltic power coveted by Sweden, pushed its own ambitions by attacking Russia and establishing a dictatorship in Moscow under Władysław, Poland’s future king. The Russo-Polish Peace of Polyanov in 1634 ended Poland’s claim to the tsarist throne but freed Poland to resume hostilities against its Baltic archenemy, Sweden, which was now deeply embroiled in Germany. Here, in the heartland of Europe, three denominations vied for dominance: Roman Catholicism, Lutheranism, and Calvinism. This resulted in a Gordian tangle of alliances as princes and prelates called in foreign powers to aid them. Overall, the struggle was between the Holy Roman Empire, which was Roman Catholic and Habsburg, and a network of Protestant towns and principalities that relied on the chief anti-Catholic powers of Sweden and the United Netherlands, which had at last thrown off the yoke of Spainafter a struggle lasting 80 years. A parallel struggle involved the rivalry of France with the Habsburgs of the empire and with the Habsburgs of Spain, who had been attempting to construct a cordon of anti-French alliances.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
Thirty Years’ War, (1618–48), in European history, a series of wars fought by various nations for various reasons, including religious, dynastic, territorial, and commercial rivalries. Its destructive campaigns and battles occurred over most of Europe, and, when it ended with the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, the map of Europe had been irrevocably changed. Although the struggles that created it erupted some years earlier, the war is conventionally held to have begun in 1618, when the future Holy Romanemperor Ferdinand II, in his role as king of Bohemia, attempted to impose Roman Catholic absolutism on his domains, and the Protestantnobles of both Bohemia and Austriarose up in rebellion. Ferdinand won after a five-year struggle. In 1625 King Christian IV of Denmark saw an opportunity to gain valuable territory in Germany to balance his earlier loss of Baltic provinces to Sweden. Christian’s defeat and the Peace of Lübeck in 1629 finished Denmark as a European power, but Sweden’s Gustav II Adolf, having ended a four-year war with Poland, invaded Germany and won many German princes to his anti-Roman Catholic, anti-imperial cause.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
The thirty years war  PARTICIPANTS  Austria  Denmark  Dutch Republic  France  Holy Roman Empire  Poland  Protestant Union  Russia  Spain  Sweden  KEY PEOPLE  Christian IV  Ferdinand II  Gustavus Adolphus  Louis XIII  Maximilian I  Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimental, count-duke de Olivares  Axel, Count Oxenstierna  Armand-Jean du Plessis, cardinal et duc de Richelieu  Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne  Albrecht von Wallenstein  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
passato glorioso great history #afrodisias #hierapolis #miletos #oldmonuments #romanhistory #hellenistichistory
When you’re wandering Europe and you stumble something you recognize from every #romanhistory class: the Maison Carrée in Nimes. #dissertationlife #dissertationyear #wanderlust
Ancient Roman Bronze coin of: Hannibalianus - Roman 'Rex Regum': 335-337 A.D. Struck at the Constantinople mint: 335-337 A.D. Obverse - FL HANNIBALIANO REGI, Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse - SECVRITAS PVBLICA Exe: CONS, Euphrates lying left, holding scepter. (Rare) . . .  Note: Flavius Hannibalianus (also Hanniballianus, d. September 337) was a member of the Constantinian dynasty, wich ruled the Roman Empire in the 4th century. . .  Hannibalianus was the son of Flavius Dalmatius, and thus a nephew of Constantine I 'the great". Hannibalianus and his brother Dalmatius were educated at Toloso by rhetor Exuperius. . .  In 320s, Constantine called Flavius Dalmatius and his sons to Constantinople. Hannibalianus  married Constantine's elder daughter,  Constantina, in 335, and was made nobolissimus. . .  In occasion of the campaign of Constantine against the Sassanids (337), Hannibalianus was made Rex Regum et Ponticarum Gentium, "King of the Kings and of the Pontic People". Probably it was Constantine's intention to put Hannibalianus on the Pontic throne, after the defeat of the Persians. . . .  The Persian campaign did not take place, because Constantine died in May 337 A.D. Hannibalianus died as did his brother,  on the purge of the imperial family that followed.  #ancientrome #romanempire  #coincollection #metaldetecting #rarecoin #money #hannibalianus #king #coin #rome #soldier #bronzecoin #constantinethegreat #dynasty #romanhistory #history #numismatics #romansoldier #bronze #constantinople #kingdom
Despite no longer having gladiatorial shows, I am glad I got to relive the experience through the Italian tour guide’s narration . . . . #latergram #loveitaly #travelitaly #rome #wanderlust #colosseum #travelgram #throwback #holidaymaker #walkingtour #livinglife #gladiator #romanhistory
Livy’s Beginning: the Ritual to Hercules  On hearing the prophecy from Evander, Hercules gave Evander his hand and accepted his proposal. Hercules would go along with fate and help build and consecrate the altar. A magnificent oxen  was chosen from the herd and sacrificed to Hercules. The rite itself and subsequent feast were offered by distinguished members of the two most prominent families of Latium. They are the Potitii and Pinarii. It so happened that the Pinarii were late for the feast. As a result, the Potitii recieved the oxens entrails while the Pinarii received the remainder.Because of this, it became custom that no member of the Pinarii ever received the entrails. In contrast, the Potitii were taught by Evander to become priest for subsequent generations. They continued this the rite until the family became extinct and public slaves took over the service. This was the only foreign rite that Romulus adopted.
Representations of Huitzilopochtli usually show him as a hummingbird or as a warrior with armour and helmet made of hummingbird feathers. In a pattern similar to that found in many hummingbirds, his legs, arms, and the lower part of his face were painted one colour (blue) and the upper half of his face was another (black). He wore an elaborate feathered headdress and brandished a round shield and a turquoise snake.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
The Aztecs believed that the sun godneeded daily nourishment (tlaxcaltiliztli) in the form of human blood and hearts and that they, as “people of the sun,” were required to provide Huitzilopochtli with his sustenance. The sacrificial hearts were offered to the sun quauhtlehuanitl (“eagle who rises”) and burned in the quauhxicalli (“the eagle’s vase”). Warriors who died in battle or as sacrifices to Huitzilopochtli were called quauhteca (“the eagle’s people”). It was believed that after their death the warriors first formed part of the sun’s brilliant retinue; then after four years they went to live forever in the bodies of hummingbirds. Huitzilopochtli’s high priest, the Quetzalcóatl Totec Tlamacazqui (“Feathered Serpent, Priest of Our Lord”), was, with the god Tlaloc’s high priest, one of the two heads of the Aztec clergy. The 15th month of the ceremonial year Panquetzaliztli (“Feast of the Flags of PreciousFeathers”) was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli and to his lieutenant Paynal (“He Who Hastens,” so named because the priest who impersonated him ran while leading a procession around the city). During the month, warriors and auianime(courtesans) danced night after night on the plaza in front of the god’s temple. War prisoners or slaves were bathed in a sacred spring at Huitzilopochco (modern Churubusco, near Mexico City) and were then sacrificed during or after Paynal’s procession. The priests also burned a huge bark-paper serpent symbolizing the god’s primary weapon. Finally, an image of Huitzilopochtli, made of ground maize (corn), was ceremonially killed with an arrow and divided between the priests and the novices; the young men who ate “Huitzilopochtli’s body” were obliged to serve him for one year.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse
Huitzilopochtli’s mother, Coatlicue, is one aspect of the Aztecs’ multidimensional earth goddess; she conceived him after having kept in her bosom a ball of hummingbird feathers (i.e., the soul of a warrior) that fell from the sky. According to tradition, Huitzilopochtli was born on Coatepec Mountain, near the city of Tula.  Huitzilopochtli’s brothers, the stars of the southern sky (Centzon Huitznáua, “Four Hundred Southerners”), and his sister Coyolxauhqui, a moon goddess, decided to kill him. He foiled their plot and exterminated them with his weapon, the xiuh cóatl (“turquoise snake”). Huitzilopochtli is presented as the deity who guided the long migration the Aztecs undertook from Aztlan, their traditional home, to the Valley of Mexico. During the journey his image, in the form of a hummingbird, was carried upon the shoulders of priests, and at night his voice was heard giving orders. Thus, according to Huitzilopochtli’s command, Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital, was founded in 1325 CE on a small, rocky island in the lake of the Valley of Mexico. The god’s first shrine was built on the spot where priests found an eagle poised upon a rock and devouring a snake, an image so important to Mexican culture that it is portrayed on the national flag of Mexico. Successive Aztec rulers enlarged the shrine until the year Eight Reed (1487), when an impressive temple was dedicated by the emperor Ahuitzotl.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli, also called Xiuhpilli (“Turquoise Prince”) and Totec (“Our Lord”), Aztec sun and war god, one of the two principal deities of Aztec religion, often represented in art as either a hummingbird or an eagle. Huitzilopochtli’s name is a cognate of the Nahuatl words huitzilin, “hummingbird,” and opochtli, “left.” Aztecs believed that dead warriors were reincarnated as hummingbirds and considered the south to be the left side of the world; thus, his name meant the “resuscitated warrior of the south.” His other names included Xiuhpilli (“Turquoise Prince”) and Totec (“Our Lord”). His nagual, or animal disguise, was the eagle.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
Daddy and daughter building the #bathsofcaracalla with #lego  #schoolproject #romanhistory #architecture
Discover the impressive sprawl of ruins amongst the Roman Forum, Palatine Hill, temple of the Vestal Virgins, Roman Senate, and the Triumphal Arches of Titus and Septimius Severus { Private Tours } .  Bespoke Luxury Travel in Italy  Email us to enquire: 📩 info@italianalluretravel.com  www.italianalluretravel.com  www.italianallureluxuryvillas.com  #luxurytravel #bespokeluxury #rome #romanforum #palatinehill #history #romanhistory #romanhistorytour #beautifuldestination #italianalluretravel #italy_vacations #italy #italia 🇮🇹 Photo Credit: @pinkines
I'm taking it way back this weekend with some pictures from our family vacation to Italy  This one was taken at the Roman Forum in #rome  Definitely one of the most popular places to visit in Rome. The best part is, if you get the RomaPass you can visit the Coliseum as well like a two for one 😉 Visiting the Roman Forum is like walking through the past. Every piece of marble and stone represents where a community once thrived.  Just make sure you show up in comfortable shoes you don't mind getting dirty. ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ ❄ @cntraveler @buzzfeedtravel @lonelyplanet @matadornetwork @femaletravelbloggers @natgeotravel @nytimestravel  #femaletravelbloggers #gltlove #matadornetwork #lppathfinders #lonelyplanet #alwaystravellight #cntraveler #natgeotravel #romephotography #familytravel #travelphotography #instagood #instatravel #instaphoto #instarome  #flashbackfriday #marble #travelrome #vacationmode #travelmoments #buzzfeedtravel #kidstravel #nytimestravel #romapass #romanhistory #ancientrome #italyphotos
Apparently the Roman’s did not use lush bath bombs 🛁
Mitridate VI Eupatore, re del Ponto, ritratto come Eracle.  Busto, marmo, I secolo d.C. Paris, Musée du Louvre.  Articolo: Il castigo dei traditori: Silla e le città d'Asia.  https://studiahumanitatispaideia.wordpress.com/2018/10/11/il-castigo-dei-traditori-silla-e-le-citta-dasia/  #romanhistory #romanrepublic #storiaromana #etàrepubblicana #repubblicaromana #mithridaticwars #guerremitridatiche #storiografiaantica #fontiperlaricostruzionestorica #appian #plutarch #mithridates #luciuscorneliussulla #mitridate #luciocorneliosilla #romanarmy #romangeneral #imperator #αυτοκρατωρ #pontickingdom #latehellenisticperiod
Yilanli Kilise, 11th century, Christ on the arch between the narthex and the nave. Ihlara Valley, #cappadocia, #turkey.  Click our bio link for Guided #rometours & Tickets.  #byzantine #byzantineart #byzantineempire #byzantium #rome #romanempire #romanhistory #рим #art #arthistory #history #archaeologyart
The Temple of Hercules Victor - In the Forum Boarium, this greek style temple was constructed in the late 2nd century BC. The temple is built in marble and was originally composed by 20 Corinthian columns (whereof 19 full columns stands today), measuring app. 10,5m in height and almost 15m in diameter. The origin of the temple was to honor a dedication to Hercules but who erected the temple is uncertain; some argues it was built by the wealthy merchant Herrenus and some that it was Lucius Mummius Achaicus, mostly know as the conquerer of the Achaean league in 146 BC and the destroyer of Corinth.  #rome #roma #urbsroma  #spqr #ancientrome #romanempire #templeofherculesvictor #tempiodiercolevincitore #hercules #herrenus #mummiusachaicus  #romanarchitecture #corinth #achaeanleague #romanhistory #ancienthistory #romaantica #history
Despite its controversial and dark history.. 🇮🇹🏟 the Colosseum in Rome was such an amazing experience and learning about Roman History was just fascinating, you need months and years to take it all in. I can't believe it hosted mock sea battles back in the day 😝 Fun Fact! #colosseum #roma #rome #italy #romanhistory #gladiator #bucketlist #topdeck #topdecker #amazing #doastheromansdo
Ara Pacis Augustae ( "Autel de la Paix Auguste" ) est un autel dédié à la paix édifié durant l'Empire romain par Auguste entre 13-9 AEC #roma #italy #europa #ara #pacis #autel #paix #pax #peace #gods #myth #augustus #auguste #emperor #roman #romanempire #empire #antiquity #ancient #ruins #history #museum #archeology #monument #romanhistory #eternalcity #travel #discovery #awesome #littlethings
Strand on the green in Chiswick, London at the golden hour. What once started as a rumoured Roman settlement (many pieces of Roman pottery found in this area provide us with this information) which then progressed to area of Royal Dwellers, big houses and small industries. It is in the present day still very much a posh part of London. This view is stunning in all seasons and brings back fond memories where I have lived for many years before venturing further outside the bounds of London. #london #londoncalling #chiswick #strandonthegreen #photooftheday #visitlondon #uk #iphonephotography #iphonephoto #roman #romanhistory #nationaltrusttraveller #omgb #visitengland
Julian decided to deal with Vadomarius through deceit. He had a sealed letter given to one of his officials, Philagrius, which he was to open only if Vadomarius appeared on the Rhine's west bank. The king eventually did, alone, and made a visit to a local Roman commander, probably a Duke or some other Limitanei officer. After conversing with him briefly, Vadomarius accepted an invitation to a banquet where Philagrius was also a guest. It is unclear what exactly Vadomarius was doing on the Roman side of the Rhine, but he may have been engaged in possible peace talks. Certainly his army was left behind on the German bank of the river. At the banquet, Philagrius finally opened Julian's letter. --- In it, Julian ordered Vadomarius' arrest, and the king was immediately clapped in irons. Julian however decided to make use of him, as Vadomarius had proven himself a skilled individual before, and sent him to Spain for the moment from where the king eventually entered the Roman army as a general. However Vadomarius' army was not part of the equasion, and Julian marched against it: the defeat of Libino had to be avenged and further raids discouraged. Julian bridged the Rhine at the dead of night, and with light-armed Auxilia surrounded the German camp. The Romans banged their weapons against their shields to intimidate the Germans, and then charged, easily defeating the enemy, but sparing any who surrendered. --- After this victory the last of the Germans in the area were pacified and Julian could set his sight against Constantius, who at the time was still preoccupied in the East. Julian gave a speech to his army, who were eager to march against his cousin, the sole opposition to his rebellion being a certain Nybridius, but Julian spared him and allowed him to return to his villa at Tuscany. The young Augustus' plan was to invade Pannonia first, leaving from Augustodunum. He replaced Florentius with Saluntius as Prefect of Gaul and made other administrative appointments,
Photos with visitors Фото с посетителями ⠀ #romanempire #reenactors #romanlegion #romanarmy #romanhistory #imperioromano #spqr #livinghistory #romans #legion #ancientwar #ancientrome #reenactor #reenactment #римляне #romanarmor #ancientarmor #РимскийЛегион #ИсторическийФестиваль #ИсторическаяРеконструкция #ДревнийРим
“You talkin' to me? [turns around to look behind him] Well, then who the Hell else are you talking- You talking to me?” (Bust of Caracalla from the Museo Nazionale in Naples #whatareyoulookingat #rowdylad #romanhistory #ancient #art
Grab your #tshirt NOW by clicking the link in my bio (profile) 👉 @archeology_love_vn 👉 Buy it or you will lose it forever!! 👉 Printed in the USA 👉 100% Satisfaction Guaranteed! 👉 DoubleTap & Tag a Friend below? 👉 Click the link in bio to get yours now @archeology_love_vn . . . . #archeology #archaeology #archeologia #storiaromana #romanhistory #discoveritaly #umbria #umbrians #umbri #neverstopexploring #borghitalia #igersumbria #theartofslowliving #whatitalyis #exploreitaly #archaeologist #archaeological #historia #history #archeologymug #archeologyshirt #archeologysale
Author: Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680)  Year: 1644-1648  According to Ovid, the mythical Medusa had the power to turn the stone anyone who looked directly at her. Bernini's is a veritable portrait of the most beautiful and deadly of the Gorgons (this is, in fact, a a Bust, and not a truncated Head) at the very moment of her metamorphosis. The classical myth is re-evoked according to the contents of a poem by Giovan Battista Marino ("I do not know if mortal chisel sculpted me thus, / or, in reflecting myself in a clear glass, /sight of myself made me such", from La Galeria, 1630, I, 272): Medusa, looking into an imaginary mirror and seeing her own reflection, is represented just as she realises, with horror and anguish, the mockery of it all. Right before our eyes she is being transformed into marble. Bernini intended his medusa to be a refined Baroque metaphor for sculpture and the virtue of the sculptor, who has the power to "petrify" those who admire his extraordinary ability to use a chisel. . . . 🏛✴ Credited by : @archeology_art . . . #archeology #archaeology #archeologia #storiaromana #romanhistory #discoveritaly #umbria #umbrians #umbri #neverstopexploring #borghitalia #igersumbria #theartofslowliving #whatitalyis #exploreitaly #archaeologist #archaeological #historia #history #archeologymug #archeologyshirt #archeologysale
Nicephorus I is the most pivotal byzantine emperor you’ve never heard of. Rising from the bottom of the Empire’s dark ages, he planted the seeds that would bloom so spectacularly with the Macedonian Emperors.  A provincial patrician who rose to General Logothete ,Finance Minister, he proved his mettle in the ruthless politics of Empress Irene’s court, fraught with the likes of eye-gouging royals and backstabbing eunuchs. He engineered a palace coup just in time to prevent his own defenestration, and took the purple on October 31, 802 C.E. keeping his own name, as befitted a man of his status.  He maneuvered skillfully to defeat coup attempts , practically a job requirement in Byzantium,  and secured himself safely on the throne. And just as well; Nicephorus had a grand vision for the future of Ῥωμανία, and he was determined to realize it with an energy unparalleled in the imperial roster.  The Emperor embarked on a general reorganization of the Roman state. With extraordinary foresight, he repopulated swathes of the devastated Balkans with landless Romans (forcefully) brought over from Anatolia in one of the largest population transfers in the Empire’s history. With this move, he laid the groundwork for the recovery of the area, lost to Slavs and Bulgars two centuries earlier. His tagmatic armies fanned out across the peninsula, linking the many isolated imperial territories and expanding into the interior. To cap it all off, he conducted a thorough census of the entire Empire.  Being a financially minded guy, he increased taxes and cancelled tax rebates ,plus most subsidies, which gained him the hatred of his subjects. He put the extra money to good use however, creating new border Themes and building a string of forts through the Empire’s frontiers  Ever the miser, he scrapped “tribute” payments to the Arabs. About ten seconds later Caliph Harun-Al-Rashid, he of the Arabian Nights, blasted through the Cilician gates at the head of a
🗣"Il buon pastore deve tosare le sue pecore, non scorticarle". Tiberio Giulio Cesare Augusto (42 a.C. – 37)  @cronistoria ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ 📧Hai qualche domanda? Non esitare a chiederci ciò che vuoi sapere. ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ PER SAPERNE DI PIÙ: http://Facebook.com/cronistoria/ ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ VISITA IL NOSTRO SITO: https://cronistoria.altervista.org ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ SEGUICI SU TWITTER: http://twitter.com/croni_storia ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ 📍Hashtag: #cronistoria #storia #history #historyphoto #historypic #historynerd #historygeek #historybuff #historylesson #historyteacher #historylover #historyfact #archeology #worldhistory #historia #militaryhistory #instahistory #tiberio #aforismi #citazioni #storiaromana #roma #imperoromano #romanhistory #romanempire #roma #rome #storiaantica #ancienthistory ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ ⤵️Lascia un commento o tagga i tuoi amici
———————————————————— Central Baths: Men's Section, Herculaneum, Campania, Italy. ———————————————————— Central baths, located at a short distance from Decumanus Maximus, the main east-west street of Herculaneum, hence they were named Central Baths to distinguish them from the Suburban Baths which were built near the harbour, outside the city walls.  The baths had separate sections for men and women; the former could also exercise in a large courtyard.  Archaeologists found a large and deep well in these baths which were built in the second half of the Ist century BC. ———————————————————— AD 79 ————————————————————
Taking notes. ;) #romanhistory #fempire
Creation of dry #perfume using Roman technology Создание сухого парфюма по римской технологии ⠀ #духи #парфюм #парфюмерия #ancientperfume #romanempire #reenactors #romanlegion #romanarmy #romanhistory #imperioromano #spqr #livinghistory #romans #ancientrome #reenactor #reenactment #римляне #ИсторическаяРеконструкция #ДревнийРим
Thomas L. Dynneson received his PhD in Education and Anthropology in 1972 from the University of Colorado. From his time as a Visiting Scholar at Stanford University, Dynneson primarily researched civicism. As he describes it, civicism “is a special insight into the means that states and state leaders use to influence, shape and direct the citizens understanding of their role and their identity in reference to the state” (Autobiography of Thomas L. Dynneson). Continuing this line of research in Rise of the Early Roman Republic, Dynneson examines “ancient and modern historical narratives regarding the formation of an emerging and early Roman corporate identity”(XII). Identity, Dynneson suggests, is directly related to the developing notion of citizenship in the early Roman Republic. Other factors related to the issue of identity include, civicism, acculturation, urbanization, and assimilation, each of which he briefly defines.  Overall, Rise of the Early Roman Republic presents an interesting perspective on early Roman history. To a certain degree, he does well in providing a general overview, whilst recognizing that the study contains “little in the way of original historical content” (XXII). His perspective is strongly informed by his extensive work in anthropology and studies on civicism. His previous work, though, has primarily been done in context of contemporary, modern society - not ancient societies and cultures. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ° • • • (Book Review by William Brown)
📆 #romanhistory  19/01/1991  Tante immagini che restano lo ritraggono di profilo, come a guardare chissà quale punto, ma sempre fisso, sempre lontano. La più bella, forse, è quella in tribuna il giorno di Roma-Juventus del 16 marzo 1986, con uno stadio intero che si stava colorando e lui – unico in quel parterre in piedi – assiso a fissare uno spettacolo mai visto prima. Mai come in quel momento era il Presidente di tutta quella gente. Si stagliava dal contesto ma era proprio così che quella diventava la sua gente. Dopo il terzo gol nella prima di Campioni col Goteborg disse: "Mi sono alzato e mi sono messo a guardare il pubblico"  @t.cagnucci 📝 © LaPresse
I would declare war on the god of the sea too, its only natural to reach that point #history #historymemes #romanhistory #romanmeme #caligula #romanemperor #shitpost
I tried nib pens ;;^;; #ancientrome #caligula #romanhistory #illustration #anime #traditionalart #art #inking
This here guy was well mad, apparently. At first, he sounded like an ok dude, announcing a thoroughgoing reform plan and a massive overhaul of all existing infrastructure (we could do with some of his redevelopment plans right now actually). Then, one day he was taken ill, having contracted a mysterious illness and he wasn’t quite the ticket after he made a recovery. Whatever happened to him must have thrown him off balance quite a bit. He became viciously cruel (“I can do anything to anyone!”), got a real kick out of taunting old senators (he forced them to outrun his chariot), had a penchant for somewhat “exotic” drinks (he liked nothing better than to flaunt his prodigious wealth by dissolving precious pearls in his “bevvies” at no-holds-barred parties - ehm, yes, he was a party animal!), was wildly promiscuous and made a real point of upsetting as many people as possible by wearing strange clothes and women’s shoes! Oh I almost forgot: he came quite close to marrying his horse Incitatus and making him a consul! 😂 Predictably, none of his shenanigans would have gone down well with more sombre and conservative minded Senators and one fine day (not so fine for Caligula) he was done away with as a result of a conspiracy, after being stabbed 52 times. But was he really so mad, bad and dangerous to know? Historians today tend to put his actions in perspective somewhat. Why? As an emperor, you were constantly at risk of suffering a brutal death at the hands of political rivals so you could be forgiven for taking the long view of things and being “proactive” about it: it’s a dog eat dog world after all. More crucially, Roman historians often mixed facts with sheer propaganda. In other words: don’t believe (all of) the hype! #history #roman #igers #instagram #instagrammers #picoftheday #bestoftheday #snapshot #instahistory #classics #photography #photographer #marble #sculpture #instaart #museum #romanempire #romanhistory #caligula
Ohhhhhh this Vegangster loves me some Roman history. Check out this cool as mosaic floor. I’ll have one of these one day. 😻🌿✌🏻💚 . . . . . . #vegangsters #vegan #vegang #ancientrome #mosaic #healthyvegan #britishhistory #veganismo #york #veganiseasy #romanhistory #veggie #historynerd #mosaicfloor #ancienthistory #bekindtoallkinds #hullvegan #vegangirl #veganblogger #lifestyleblogger #yorkmuseumgardens #veganinfluencer #govegan
Buon #weekend dalla Città Eterna ♥️🏛 ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 👉 Segui @Capitolivm 👈🔸🔸 👉 Tagga #capitolivm 👈🔸🔸 🌎 www.capitolivm.it 🌟🌟🌟✔ www.facebook.com/Capitolivm 🌟🌟 ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ #ancientrome #anticaroma #romanempire #ancientart #colosseum #colosseo #monument #archaeology #culturalsite #spqr #eternalcity #history #bestofromans #romanruins #romaantica #romanhistory #romanart #antiquity #architecture #beauty #followforfollowback #followforfollow #followback #romameravigliosa #romanbuildings #archeologia ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
Whatever the precise details of Julian's proclamation as Augustus, Ammianus does report that he was "cheered by his elevation and the confidence of his men", and set out for a final campaign against the Franks. This time his target was the Attuarii. The Franks weren't expecting an attack due to the considerable roughness of the terrain, and as a result Julian easily defeated them and imposed a peace upon them. Julian had also sent a letter to Constantius where he suggested that he would be an Augustus in the West, but remain a Caesar in the East. But unsurprisingly, Constantius refused to accept this self-elevated rebel as an equal, and planned to move against Julian immediately. --- Julian wintered at Vienna, briefly stopping at Vesontio, where he openly presented himself as an Augustus and ignored edicts and promotion of individuals done by Constantius. Ammianus says Julian was undecided on whether to negotiate with his cousin or fight him, but if so it was irrelevant for Constantius was on the warpath and planning to leave the East. In the spring of 361 AD Julian received some surprising news: Vadomarius, our familiar Alamanni king, was raiding the Raetian frontier. There were rumors running about that the king was acting under Constantius' orders, which were confirmed when Julian's men captured a German messanger where Vadomarius bluntly told Constantius: "Your Caesar is insubordinate." --- Julian couldn't ignore this, since any success Vadomarius gained might encourage the other Alamanni tribes to attack Gaul just when he had to deal with a civil war. He sent the Count Libino with the Celtae and Petulantes to repulse the raid, who discovered the enemy at Sanctio. Both Auxilia units were certainly below normal strength and also outnumbered, but despite this they and Libino were spoiling for a fight. Vadomarius was awaiting the Romans nearby, who attacked the Germans immediately. Libino died almost as soon as the fighting began, encouraging the Germans and
Un peu d’histoire! Le forum romain de Bavay, vous connaissez? C’est l’un des plus grands. J’explique et montre tout en story! 🇫🇷♥️😍 • • • #bavay #forumromain #visit #visite #culture #histoire #history #romanhistory #museum #blog #blogger #blogtrotter #ruin #ruine #archeologie #archeology #globetrotter #travel #travelblogger #travelblog #winter #winter2019 #hautdefrance #nordpasdecalais #nosregionsontdutalent
Request from @germanischer_surt  Hel, in Norse mythology, originally the name of the world of the dead, it later came to mean the goddess of death. Hel was one of the children of the trickster god Loki, and her kingdom was said to lie downward and northward. It was called Niflheim, or the World of Darkness, and appears to have been divided into several sections, one of which was Náströnd, the shore of corpses. There stood a castle facing north; it was filled with the venom of serpents, in which murderers, adulterers, and perjurers suffered torment, while the dragon Nidhogg sucked the blood from their bodies. Mention is made in an early poem of the nine worlds of Niflheim. It was said that those who fell in battle did not go to Hel but to the god Odin, in Valhalla, the hall of the slain.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory #norsehistory
The great conquests of the Mongols, which would transform them into a world power, were still to come. China was the main goal. Genghis Khan first secured his western flank by a tough campaign against the Tangut kingdom of Xixia, a northwestern border state of China, and then fell upon the Jin empire of northern China in 1211. In 1214 he allowed himself to be bought off, temporarily, with a huge amount of booty, but in 1215 operations were resumed, and Beijing was taken. Subsequently, the more systematic subjugation of northern China was in the hands of his general Muqali. Genghis Khan himself was compelled to turn aside from China and carry out the conquest of Khwārezm. This war was provoked by the governor of the city of Otrar, who massacred a caravan of Muslim merchants who were under Genghis Khan’s protection. The Khwārezm-Shāh refused satisfaction. War with Khwārezm would doubtless have come sooner or later, but now it could not be deferred. It was in this war that the Mongols earned their reputation for savagery and terror. City after city was stormed, the inhabitants massacred or forced to serve as advance troops for the Mongols against their own people. Fields and gardens were laid waste and irrigation works destroyed as Genghis Khan pursued his implacable vengeance against the royal house of Khwārezm. He finally withdrew in 1223 and did not lead his armies into war again until the final campaign against Xixia in 1226–27. He died on August 18, 1227.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
Genghis Khan’s military genius could adapt itself to rapidly changing circumstances. Initially his troops were exclusively cavalry, riding the hardy, grass-fed Mongol pony that needed no fodder. With such an army, other nomads could be defeated, but cities could not be taken. Yet before long the Mongols were able to undertake the siege of large cities, using mangonels, catapults, ladders, burning oil, and so forth and even diverting rivers. It was only gradually, through contact with men from the more settled states, that Genghis Khan came to realize that there were more sophisticated ways of enjoying power than simply raiding, destroying, and plundering. It was a minister of the khan of the Naiman, the last important Mongol tribe to resist Genghis Khan, who taught him the uses of literacy and helped reduce the Mongol languageto writing. The Secret History reports it was only after the war against the Muslim empire of Khwārezm, in the region of the Amu Darya (Oxus) and Syr Darya (Jaxartes), probably in late 1222, that Genghis Khan learned from Muslim advisers the “meaning and importance of towns.” And it was another adviser, formerly in the service of the Jin emperor, who explained to him the uses of peasants and craftsmen as producers of taxable goods. He had intended to turn the cultivated fields of northern China into grazing land for his horses.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
The year 1206 was a turning point in the history of the Mongols and in world history: the moment when the Mongols were first ready to move out beyond the steppe. Mongolia itself took on a new shape. The petty tribal quarrels and raids were a thing of the past. Either the familiar tribe and clan names had fallen out of use or those bearing them were to be found, subsequently, scattered all over the Mongol world, testifying to the wreck of the traditional clan and tribe system. A unified Mongol nation came into existence as the personal creation of Genghis Khan and, through many vicissitudes(feudal disintegration, incipientretribalization, colonial occupation), has survived to the present day. Mongol ambitions looked beyond the steppe. Genghis Khan was ready to start on his great adventure of world conquest. The new nation was organized, above all, for war. Genghis Khan’s troops were divided up on the decimal system, were rigidly disciplined, and were well equipped and supplied. The generals were his own sons or men he had selected, absolutely loyal to him.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
Temüjin now set about systematically eliminating all rivals. Successive coalitions formed by Jamuka were defeated. The Tatars were exterminated. Toghril allowed himself to be maneuvered by Jamuka’s intrigues and by his own son’s ambitions and suspicions into outright war against Temüjin, and he and his Kereit people were destroyed. Finally, in the west, the Naiman ruler, fearful of the rising power of the Mongols, tried to form yet another coalition, with the participation of Jamuka, but was utterly defeated and lost his kingdom. Jamuka, inconstant as ever, deserted the Naiman khan at the last moment. These campaigns took place in the few years before 1206 and left Temüjin master of the steppes. In that year a great assembly was held by the River Onon, and Temüjin was proclaimed Genghis Khan: the title probably meant Universal Ruler.  #paganism #slavicmythology #slavicpagan #slavicpaganism #pagan #pagansofinstagram #nature #mothernature #pagancommunity #germanicpagan #norsemythology #greekandromanmythology #norse #celticmythology #celticpagan #celtic #history #historian #historicevents #romanhistory #greekhistory #germanichistory #slavichistory
Más distracciones! 😱 #historian #romanhistory #timeless #traiano

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